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what is the biggest lake in egypt

Egypt’s Largest Lake: Discover the Biggest

If you’ve ever wondered about the largest lake in Egypt, look no further than Lake Nasser, also known as Nasser Lake. This vast body of water holds the title of Egypt’s largest lake, offering breathtaking views and a rich history that beckons exploration.

Lake Nasser is a remarkable feat of engineering, created as a result of the construction of the Aswan High Dam across the Nile River. Stretching approximately 550 kilometers (340 miles) in length, it is truly a sight to behold.

Named after the Egyptian President Gamal Abdul Nasser, Lake Nasser holds not only the distinction of being Egypt’s largest lake but also significant historical and cultural importance. The construction of the dam necessitated the relocation of the ancient Egyptian temple of Abu Simbel, ensuring its preservation for generations to come.

So, if you’re curious about the biggest lake in Egypt, Lake Nasser is the answer you’ve been seeking. Join us as we delve into the fascinating creation, impact, size, and significance of this awe-inspiring body of water.

The Creation and Impact of Lake Nasser

The construction of the Aswan High Dam in the 1960s played a pivotal role in the creation of Lake Nasser. This colossal dam was built as a replacement for the Aswan Low Dam, which was on the verge of overflowing by the mid-20th century. The Aswan High Dam proved to be a more effective solution in providing irrigation and drinking water to the residents of Egypt, but it also resulted in the relocation of thousands of people to higher ground.

The rising waters of Lake Nasser posed a significant threat to historical sites in the region, prompting the dismantling and reconstruction of monuments with the assistance of UNESCO.

The Aswan High Dam, with its immense impact on Egypt’s landscape, has transformed the region’s agricultural practices and water management systems. However, it also presented challenges in terms of relocation and the preservation of cultural heritage.

Lake Nasser’s Size and Capacity

Lake Nasser is a vast artificial lake with impressive size and capacity. This reservoir, created by the Aswan High Dam, plays a crucial role in agricultural development and irrigation in the region.

Gross Capacity

The gross capacity of Lake Nasser is a staggering 136,927,000 acre-feet or 168,900,000,000 cubic meters. Such immense capacity allows for the storage of a significant volume of water, ensuring a reliable water supply for irrigation and other essential purposes.

Land Under Irrigation

Thanks to the waters of Lake Nasser, extensive land areas have been brought under irrigation, enabling agricultural expansion and increased food production. A total of 800,000 acres (324,000 hectares) of land have been successfully irrigated, providing an essential foundation for sustainable farming practices.

Flood to Perennial Irrigation

Lake Nasser’s waters have had a transformative effect by converting 700,000 acres (283,000 hectares) from flood to perennial irrigation. This shift allows for a reliable and year-long water supply, enhancing agricultural productivity and reducing dependency on seasonal flooding.

Explore the table below for a comprehensive overview of Lake Nasser’s size and capacity.

Gross Capacity Land under Irrigation Flood to Perennial Irrigation
136,927,000 acre-feet
(168,900,000,000 cubic meters)
800,000 acres
(324,000 hectares)
700,000 acres
(283,000 hectares)

gross capacity

Lake Nasser’s Significance to Egypt and Sudan

Lake Nasser holds great significance for both Egypt and Sudan. Its creation posed a threat to important historical sites such as the tombs and temples at Philae and Abu Simbel. To protect these cultural treasures, an extensive effort was made to dismantle and reconstruct the monuments with the support of UNESCO, ensuring the preservation of Egypt and Sudan’s rich heritage. Additionally, the development of land surrounding the lake has undergone comprehensive land reclamation projects starting in the early 1980s. These initiatives have transformed desert areas into arable land, contributing to agricultural growth and sustainability.

Significance Egypt Sudan
Historical Sites Protected cultural treasures such as the tombs and temples at Philae and Abu Simbel N/A
UNESCO Support Collaboration to preserve and reconstruct these valuable monuments N/A
Land Reclamation Transforming desert areas into arable land surrounding the lake N/A
Lake Naming Name inspired by former President Gamal Abdel Nasser Southern third of the lake is known as Lake Nubia

Lake Nasser’s historical significance and ongoing land reclamation efforts demonstrate its importance to the cultural heritage and agricultural development of Egypt and Sudan. The northern two-thirds of the lake, located in Egypt, is named after former President Gamal Abdel Nasser, while the southern third, situated in Sudan, is known as Lake Nubia.

Lake Nasser’s Geographic Features

Lake Nasser is a remarkable body of water located in both Upper Egypt and northern Sudan. This expansive lake was formed by harnessing the waters of the mighty Nile River through the construction of the Aswan High Dam. With its strategic location, Lake Nasser serves multiple purposes for the surrounding regions.

Spanning a vast surface area of approximately 5250 square kilometers (2030 square miles), Lake Nasser provides an abundant reservoir of water that supports new agricultural developments and facilitates hydroelectric power generation. Its average depth of 25 meters (82 feet) exemplifies the significant capacity of this man-made wonder.

The Aswan High Dam, situated around 200 kilometers (124 miles) northeast of the lake, boasts not only its role in forming Lake Nasser but also its contribution to enhancing navigation through Aswan. The dam’s position and functions make it a critical part of managing the water resources and ensuring optimal usage for the surrounding areas.

Geographic Feature Details
Location Upper Egypt and northern Sudan
Surface Area 5250 square kilometers
Average Depth 25 meters
Dam Location Approximately 200 kilometers northeast of the lake

The grandeur of Lake Nasser is amplified by its ability to sustain the surrounding areas through irrigation and power generation. As a vital source of water, it plays a crucial role in supporting agriculture and providing electricity to communities in the region.

As you journey through Lake Nasser, you will witness its mesmerizing beauty, created by the harmonious marriage of nature and human engineering. Its sheer scale and strategic position make it an emblem of civilization’s ability to harness and utilize the Earth’s resources for the betterment of society.

Lake Nasser’s Environmental Impact

The construction of the Aswan High Dam and the resultant Lake Nasser had significant environmental implications. The diversion of part of the lake’s water to fill the Toshka Lakes, natural depressions created in the 1980s and 1990s for irrigation, has led to various environmental changes.

The Toshka Lakes’ rise and fall depend on multi-year fluctuations in water flow from the Nile. These fluctuations have contributed to eutrophication, resulting in increased nutrient levels in the lakes. The excessive nutrients have led to the formation of algae blooms, which can have detrimental effects on aquatic ecosystems and water quality.

The changes in water levels caused by irrigation have also affected the size and water quality of the Toshka Lakes. As water is diverted for irrigation purposes, the water levels in the lakes fluctuate, which can impact the overall ecosystem and the availability of water resources for both agricultural and ecological purposes.

It is important to monitor and manage the environmental impact of the Toshka Lakes and the water flow from Lake Nasser to mitigate any negative effects on the surrounding ecosystem. By implementing sustainable irrigation practices and closely monitoring nutrient levels and algae formation, it is possible to maintain a healthy balance between agricultural activities and environmental conservation in the area.

Exploration and Observation of Lake Nasser

Lake Nasser has been the subject of extensive exploration and observation, shedding light on its unique characteristics. Through the Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission, a false-color image of the lake has been captured, providing valuable insights into its geographical and environmental features. This image not only showcases the vast expanse of Lake Nasser but also highlights the scarcity of vegetation in the surrounding area.

Copernicus Sentinel-2 false-color image of Lake Nasser

The false-color image reveals the presence of pivot irrigation fields surrounding Lake Nasser. These fields utilize sprinklers to water crops, ensuring efficient water usage and enabling agricultural practices in the region. The implementation of pivot irrigation systems plays a crucial role in conserving valuable water sources and supporting sustainable farming practices.

Vegetation in Lake Nasser

The captured image emphasizes the lack of significant vegetation in the vicinity of Lake Nasser. This observation is attributed to the arid desert landscape surrounding the lake, where water availability is limited. However, the presence of pivot irrigation fields highlights the human efforts to cultivate crops in this challenging environment.

Pivot Irrigation Fields

Pivot irrigation fields can be seen in the false-color image, forming circular patterns around the lake’s periphery. These fields efficiently distribute water using rotating sprinklers mounted on moving pivot arms, ensuring uniform crop growth and minimizing water wastage. The utilization of pivot irrigation systems has played a crucial role in mitigating water scarcity challenges and fostering agricultural development in the region.

To further explore the environmental and geographical aspects of Lake Nasser, researchers have conducted studies on the water quality, ecosystem dynamics, and the impact of human activities on the lake and its surrounding areas.

Exploration and Observation Key Findings
False-Color Image Analysis – Scarcity of vegetation in the area
– Presence of pivot irrigation fields
– Geographical features of Lake Nasser
Water Quality Studies – Assessment of water purity and contamination levels
– Monitoring the impact of human activities on water quality
– Identification of potential ecosystem risks
Ecosystem Dynamics – Study of flora and fauna in and around Lake Nasser
– Evaluation of ecological interactions and biodiversity
– Monitoring changes in aquatic habitats


Lake Nasser, Egypt’s largest artificial lake, stands as a testament to the engineering achievements of the Aswan High Dam. Created as a result of the dam’s construction, the lake holds great historical and cultural significance for the region. Its formation required the relocation of important monuments, showcasing the dedication to preserving Egypt’s rich heritage.

Alongside its historical significance, Lake Nasser serves as a vital resource for irrigation and hydroelectric power generation. Acting as a vast reservoir, it supports agricultural development by providing water for irrigation and helping reclaim desert land. Additionally, the dam harnesses the power of the lake’s waters to generate clean hydroelectric energy, contributing to the region’s power supply.

However, the creation of Lake Nasser has not been without environmental impact. The formation of the Toshka Lakes, resulting from the diversion of water from the main reservoir, has led to variations in water quality and the development of algae. These changes highlight the complex environmental challenges that accompany large-scale engineering projects.

In conclusion, Lake Nasser is a remarkable feat of engineering that combines historical significance, agricultural development, and hydraulic power generation. While showcasing Egypt’s rich heritage and demonstrating the potential of artificial lakes, the lake also reminds us of the environmental considerations that accompany such endeavors. Through ongoing efforts to manage and sustain its resources, Lake Nasser remains a symbol of Egypt’s ingenuity and commitment to balancing progress with environmental responsibility.


What is the biggest lake in Egypt?

The biggest lake in Egypt is Lake Nasser.

Is Lake Nasser the largest lake in Egypt?

Yes, Lake Nasser is the largest lake in Egypt.

How was Lake Nasser created?

Lake Nasser was created as a result of the construction of the Aswan High Dam.

What is the historical significance of Lake Nasser?

Lake Nasser has significant historical and cultural importance, as it required the relocation of the ancient Egyptian temple of Abu Simbel to avoid submersion.

What is the capacity of Lake Nasser?

Lake Nasser has a gross capacity of 136,927,000 acre-feet (168,900,000,000 cubic meters).

How has Lake Nasser impacted irrigation?

Lake Nasser has converted 700,000 acres from flood to perennial irrigation and added 800,000 acres of land under irrigation.

How has Lake Nasser been significant to Egypt and Sudan?

Lake Nasser threatened to submerge important historical sites, resulting in their dismantling and reconstruction with the help of UNESCO. It has also been the focus of land-reclamation projects and is known as Lake Nubia in Sudan.

Where is Lake Nasser located?

Lake Nasser is located in both Upper Egypt and northern Sudan, created by impounding the waters of the Nile River through the Aswan High Dam.

What is the environmental impact of Lake Nasser?

The formation of the Toshka Lakes, eutrophication, and changes in water quality are some of the environmental impacts of Lake Nasser.

How has Lake Nasser been explored?

The Copernicus Sentinel-2 mission has captured images of Lake Nasser, highlighting the vegetation and pivot irrigation fields in the area.

What is the conclusion about Lake Nasser?

Lake Nasser is Egypt’s largest artificial lake, with significant historical significance and environmental impact due to its creation.

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